Is your dog or cat experiencing any of the following?
- Excessive licking, chewing, biting, or scratching
- Excessive rolling, rubbing, or scooting
- Foot chewing
- Hair loss
- Recurrent ear problems
- Changes in the skin, like sores or darkened colors
- Redness of the skin
- Body odor
All of these can be signs of fleas, environmental allergens (ex. pollen, mold, and dust mites), food allergies, and skin contact with allergens (ex. carpet deodorants, shampoos, and insecticidal products).
These factors can cause:
- Bacterial infections
- Hot spots or acute moist dermatitis
- Atopy or allergic inhalant dermatitis
- Fungal Infections
We use a variety of techniques for diagnosis and treatment of these cases. Many times your pet’s skin problems are a combination of two or more conditions and diseases. Because of this, we often have to take a multimodal approach to diagnosing and treating them.
At your first examination we will often use:
- Skin scrapings
- Fungal and bacterial cultures
Follow up exams may include:
- Allergy testing
- Skin biopsies
Treatment of skin disease may include steroids, antibiotics, antihistamines, topical drugs, antifungal drugs, shampoos and rinses, dietary changes, or supplementation or surgical removal of masses.
Medications and Treatments
*Recent advances in medications have given us access to new drugs to help control itching for dogs after we have determined and treated the source of the itch.*
Apoquel is one of these medications that works to block the allergic itch at the source giving your pet fast relief, regardless of the type of allergy. It starts to relieve the itch within four hours and effectively controls the itch within 24 hours. Apoquel is NOT a steroid, antihistamine, or cyclosporine, and has fewer side effects than are seen with these therapies.
Zoetis has just released the name CYTOPOINT for the new therapy that many of our clients have heard us refer to as Canine Atopic Dermatitis Immunotherapeutic (CADI) or IL-31.
CYTOPOINT – Is a subcutaneous injection for atopic dermatitis that helps control itch for 4-8 weeks. CYTOPOINT is a canine monoclonal antibody that specifically targets the Interleukin-31 (IL-31) cytokine that is associated with pruritus and inflammatory cell infiltration into the skin in humans and dogs with atopic dermatitis. CYTOPOINT targets IL-31, neutralizes it and prevents binding to the receptor. This inhibits the entire cascade which in turn decreases or eliminates the mediated itch.
The introduction of CYTOPOINT will allow our veterinarians at Pewaukee Veterinary Service to provide our clients/patients a new option to help reduce the clinical signs associated with atopic dermatitis. Working to target the mechanisms that are involved in sending the “itch” signal to the brain. It is fast acting and long lasting, one in-office injection begins working within the first 5 hours and delivers relief for a month or longer.
If your dog exhibits any of the following behaviors, he or she may need medical treatment. Please schedule an exam with one of our veterinarians to determine if CYTOPOINT or Apoquel is right for your dog.